- Two manuscripts, provenance of Old Minster, Winchester, England. The earlier, c. 996, contains the oldest version of the liturgical drama Quem quaeritis trope with both text and music. The later, c. 1050, is a revised version of the earlier but also has a supplement of 150 organa on mostly Alleluias and responsories for the divine office, composed in parallel note-againstnote style with occasional contrary motion. This is the first practical source of polyphony in Western music.
Historical dictionary of sacred music. Joseph P. Swain. 2006.
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Wulfstan the Cantor — (c.960 – early 11th century), also known as Wulfstan of Winchester, was an Anglo Saxon monk of the Old Minster, Winchester. He was also a writer, musician, composer and scribe. Wulfstan is most famous for his hagiographic work Vita S. Aethelwoldi … Wikipedia
Polyphony — The art of combining simultaneous melodies, the hallmark of Western music (excluding the non melodic drones of some Byzantine chant and Hindu music). It is believed that polyphony originated as an improvisation technique, a means of… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Liturgical Drama — Chanted monophony that tropes a liturgical chant into a dialogue form. The earliest surviving (Winchester Tropers, c. 996 and St. Martial of Limoges, 11th century) and most widespread are Quem queritis tropes of the Introit for Easter and… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Prose or Sequence — • A liturgical hymn used on certain festivals before the Gospel in the Mass Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Prose Or Sequence Prose or Sequence … Catholic encyclopedia
Trope — • A collective name which, since about the close of the Middle Ages or a little later, has been applied to texts of great variety (in both poetry and prose) written for the purpose of amplifying and embellishing an independently complete… … Catholic encyclopedia